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Тест по Английскому языку

вариант 5

Текст к заданиям А1 - А10

Mrs. X agreed to a telephone interview with a British newspaper. Here are some of the things she and the interviewer talked about.
Interviewer: How old is your son now?
Mrs. X: He's five.
Interviewer: When did you first realize that your son was unusual?
Mrs. X: The day he was born. As soon as I held him in my arms, I knew he was extraordinary.
Interviewer How did you find out he had begun to read?
Mrs. X: That was really fantastic. He was only a year and one month old. We were in a restaurant. Michael knocked over a cup and said, 'It's a cook.' We said, 'No, it's a cup - a cup.' Then he showed us the maker's name on the bottom. It was Cook! At that time, the leading expert on exceptional children told us that he believed our sun was the most brilliant baby in the world.
Interviewer What's bis IQ now?
Mrs. X: They say it's 220. It was over 180 when he was less than two and a half years old.
Interviewer: He goes to a special school, doesn't he?
Mrs. X: Yes, he attends a special school for exceptional children. He's already ambitious. He says he wants to become a small-town judge!
Interviewer: Is he always happy?
Mrs. X: No, not always. He began playing the violin when he was only four. Imagine, he could play Bach, but he fell crying into my arms because he couldn't lift the instrument by himself!
We want Michael to have as normal a life as possible, and we want to protect him from the public spotlight. In some ways, Michael is very young for his age. He's only average at running and sports, and he still sleeps with his teddy bear.

Текст к заданию A11.

A caller on the line... Who are you?
Hello, I'm Virginia Small and, eh, you sec I have this problem about traveling by car. I always end up feeling sick, you know. I hate going on long holidays because I know what's going to happen in the end and it ruins everything. Now my parents have started to talk about a real family holiday in Spain, but all I can think about is the traveling...

Текст к заданию А12.

Three boys from Southwold had a narrow escape yesterday, as they were kicking around a live handgrenade they had found on the beach. An ex-armyman passing by was just in time to stop one of the youngsters pulling out the weapon's rusty pin.

Текст к заданию А13.

Martin Donelly, the Formula One driver from Belfast, was taken to hospital with minor fractures suffered in a crash while practicing for today's Spanish Grand Prix at nearby Jerez de la Frontera. He won't be able to take part in any races the rest of the yaer, a Lotus spokesman said.

Текст к заданию А14.

Today will be dry with sunny spells before turning more cloudy with thick mist over hills and coastal areas in the evening. The outlook for tomorrow is heavy rain. For the rest of the week it will remain unsettled with strong winds and showers.

Текст к заданию А15.

FLUFFTTS, the brilliant new designer pens. What's so new about them? Draw your own creation on a T-shirt, bag or on your jeans. All you have to do is dry it with a hairdryer and the design will be permanent and machine-washable. Available in six colours. Ask for FLUFFITS.


Тест состоит из частей А и В. На его выполнение отводится 150 минут. Задания рекомендуется выполнять по порядку. Если задание не удается выполнить сразу, перейдите к следующему. Если останется время, вернитесь к пропущенным заданиям.

Часть А

К каждому заданию части А дано несколько ответов, из которых только один верный. Выполните задание, сравните полученный ответ с предложенными.

Часть 1. Аудирование
Задания А1-А10. Прослушайте текст и определите, соответствуют ли его содержанию высказывания, приведенные в листе заданий. Текст прозвучит два раза. После первого раза у вас будет 45 секунд для ознакомления с заданиями, после второго прослушивания две минуты для внесения решений в бланк ответов.
Если высказывание соответствует прозвучавшему тексту, отметьте вариант 1,
если высказывание не соответствует тексту, отметьте вариант 2,
если по поводу высказывания в тексте ничего не было сказано, отметьте вариант 3.


Вопрос №1. Michael is five years old.

соответствует
не соответствует
по поводу высказывания в тексте ничего не было сказано


Вопрос №2. Michael looked different from other babies when he was bom.

соответствует
не соответствует
по поводу высказывания в тексте ничего не было сказано


Вопрос №3. Michael learned to read in a restaurant.

соответствует
не соответствует
по поводу высказывания в тексте ничего не было сказано


Вопрос №4. Michael was taught how to read by a leading expert.

соответствует
не соответствует
по поводу высказывания в тексте ничего не было сказано


Вопрос №5. Michael's IQ at the age of two and a half was that of a five years old child.

соответствует
не соответствует
по поводу высказывания в тексте ничего не было сказано


Вопрос №6. Michael goes to a school for bright children.

соответствует
не соответствует
по поводу высказывания в тексте ничего не было сказано


Вопрос №7. Michael wants to live in a small-town in future.

соответствует
не соответствует
по поводу высказывания в тексте ничего не было сказано


Вопрос №8. Michael can't play the violin because it's too heavy for him.

соответствует
не соответствует
по поводу высказывания в тексте ничего не было сказано


Вопрос №9. Michael's parents are happy to show him around.

соответствует
не соответствует
по поводу высказывания в тексте ничего не было сказано


Вопрос №10. Michael begins to refuse to play with his teddy bear.

соответствует
не соответствует
по поводу высказывания в тексте ничего не было сказано


Задания А11-А15. Прослушайте короткие тексты и выполните приведенные ниже задания, выбрав один из предложенных вариантов ответа.


Вопрос №11.
В чем проблема Вирджинии?

Родители не берут ее в поездку в Испанию.
Она плохо переносит поездки в автомобиле.
Она не любит долго отдыхать.
Она не хочет отдыхать вместе с родителями.


Вопрос №12. Что сделал бывший военный?

Научил детей обращаться с гранатой.
Спас детей от неминуемого взрыва.
Потерял гранату на пляже.
Подарил гранату детям


Вопрос №13. Что сообщается об автогонщике Мартине Донелли?

Он получил травму в аварии на тренировке.
Он отказался от участия в гран-при Испании.
Он перешел в команду Лотус.
Он является главным фаворитом во всех оставшихся гонках этого года.


Вопрос №14. Каков прогноз погоды на завтра?

Облачно местами.
Сильный ветер.
Сильный дождь.
Переменная облачность.


Вопрос №15. Чем примечательны рекламируемые авторучки?

Одна ручка пишет шестью цветами.
Надписи, сделанные ими, не высыхают.
Они специально предназначены для работы дизайнеров.
С их помощью можно делать несмываемые рисунки на ткани.


Часть 2. Чтение
Задания А16-А35. Прочтите следующие тексты (№1, №2 и №3) и ответьте на вопросы, следующие за текстами, выбрав один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Текст №1

SCIENTIST TRACKS SURNAME TO FIND DISTANT RELATIVES

 Curious about your noble forebears? Eager to see if you are related to someone else with the same last name? A British genetic professor can answer your questions.
 Brian Sykes, an expert in genetics at Oxford University, said he had checked the DNA of dozens of men who had the same surname and found, to his surprise, that they all seem to have descended from the same ancestor.
 Examining men with the same surname as his own, Sykes used a technique known as genetic fingerprinting to examine the men's Y chromosome, which is handed down with very little change from father to son.
 "I wrote 250 men, a random sample, with the same surname, and I wrote to Sykeses because I felt confident approaching people with the same name as mine", he said in a telephone interview.
 He tracked the men down in three English counties known to have many people with the Sykes name - York, Cheshire and Lancashire. He sent them home DNA kits that included a brush to take a few cells from the inside of the mouth.
 "I got 61 returns of DNA on little brushes and of those, half had a Y chromosome microsatellite fingerprint which showed they had exactly the same Y chromosome", Sykes said.
 Sykes, who reported his findings in the American Journal of Human Genetics, said he was surprised to find the same fingerprint in so many different men who had no idea they were related.
 "The only explanation is all Sykeses had come from a single male who first inherited that name", he said. "We reckon from the court records the name first appears in West Yorkshire in just about 1300."
 Before then, most English peasants went by just one name or had names they did not pass on to their children.
 "Surnames became inherited because it was a time you were able to transfer the tenancy of your land to your children", Sykes said.
 There was another eye opener in his findings.
 "With 50 percent having the same Y chromosome... it works out roughly at about 1 percent per generation for no paternity", Sykes said.
 "It's really quite low - lower than the rates we are accustomed to these days. It essentially means that 99 percent of Mrs.Sykeses have been very well-behaved".


Вопрос №16. After examining some men with the same surname Brian Sykes found that all these people...

were bom in the same place
were close relatives
had come from the same person
knew about their relation


Вопрос №17. How did Brian Sykes choose the 250 men he wrote?

He chose people who, he knew, were his distant relatives.
He chose people who knew each other.
He chose people with whom he had had a telephone interview before.
He chose these people occasionally.


Вопрос №18. How did Brian Sykes get the DNA samples from the Sykeses?

He carried out the tests with the help of a DNA kit at home.
They sent him the samples taken from their mouths.
They sent him their toothbrushes which contained DNA samples.
They sent him their fingerprints which contained DNA samples.


Вопрос №19. Brian Sykes chose the Y-chromosome for his studies, because...

it was easy to get samples.
it is transferred almost unchanged from parents to children.
it is the only chromosome he could study
it is the only chromosome possible to be tracked in the human DNA.


Вопрос №20. How did people get their surnames in old times?

Children took their fathers' surnames to become their heirs.
Lords gave the same surnames to all their peasants.
In 1300 the court in West Yorkshire decided that all people must have surnames.
Each child got a new surname, as it was forbidden to pass on surnames to children.


Вопрос №21. Saying that "99 percent ofMrs.Sykeses have been very well-behaved", the author means, that...

the crime rate among people named Sykes was very low.
almost all Sykeses knew their relatives and kept in touch.
almost all children named Sykes had lawful parents.
almost all the Sykeses who were asked to give samples of their DNA did that.


Текст №2

BRITAIN PRIMES FOR ALL-DAY PUBS

 In a land where subways are closed after midnight and all-night shopping is rare, a new late-night public service could soon be on tap:
 The 24-hour pub.
 Round-the-clock sales of alcohol in pubs and shops in England and .Wales were among proposals unveiled Monday by a British government determined to rewrite licensing laws, many of which have been on the books since World War I.
 Monday the government presented a "white paper" and solicited responses to the proposals. Aiming to make pubs more enjoyable - and safer - the British appear eager to adopt a drinking atmosphere favored by their continental neighbors. Parliament is unlikely to take up a bill until after the next election, perhaps as early as next year.
 If the proposals become law, the traditional 11 p.m. "last orders" call will be wiped away, with closures spread between 11 p.m. and 3 a.m. Some pubs, primarily in bustling center cities, will be able to keep their doors open 24 hours. An industry group leader estimated that only about 50 pubs in the land would keep their doors open all hours.
 The goal is to do away with the so-called closing-time flash point, when thousands of drinkers leave the pubs. Scotland already has extended hours in some areas, but no 24-hour pubs. "Fixed closing times encourage binge drinking around last orders," Home Secretary Jack Straw said in the House of Commons. "The result is lots of people hitting the streets - and sometimes each other - at the same time."
 Current regulations that make it seem as if dogs enjoy a wanner welcome in pubs than children also will be revised. Children are to be given more access to pubs. Those aged 16 and 17, eating a meal with adults, will be able to drink alcohol at the pub owner's discretion. The present legal drinking age is 18.
 The measures also seek to get tough on rowdy pubs, with police able to close them immediately. "Habitual drunkards" could be banned from licensed premises for 10 years, up from three, while those convicted of a violent offense in public could be banned for life.
 Why all the fuss about pubs?
 They're a British tradition and big business.
 In his foreword to the licensing proposals, Straw stated, "The pub is a crucial focus for community life in cities, towns and villages across the nation." He noted $40, billion a year is spent on alcohol in Britain, and nearly 1 million people work in the pub industry.
 "For tourists coming to this country, the No. 1 destination is not Buckingham Palace, it's a pub," said Mary Cumock Cook, director of the British Institute of Innkeeping, a trade group.
 She said tourists are stunned to find that pubs close so early.
 At the Red Lion, a pub so close to Parliament that voting bells ring in the bar, landlord Raoul de Vaux said he was thrilled with the proposals, but, he cautioned, it will be difficult for pubs to meet the overhead of extended hours. "Wages will have to go up and so will the price of beer," said de Vaux, who noted he was unlikely to extend his hours. "If I can't make my money between 11 a.m. and 11 p.m., I shouldn't be in the business", he said. "By the time you work your 12 hours, you want to put your head down and go to sleep."
 A prominent alcohol abuse campaigner cautioned that the proposals will only be judged successful if violent incidents around pubs decline.
 Meanwhile, drinkers seemed to enthusiastically support the proposal to extend opening hours,
 "By the time you go home after work, wash up, and go back out, you only have three hours to ram the beer in", said Peter Moffet, a bricklayer. "Longer hours will give us more time to drink - and pick up women".


Вопрос №22. The planned changes in the law regulating the work of pubs are aimed to...

make this law the same as before World War II.
make the atmosphere in pubs closer to continental.
make sure that all pubs have their licenses.
stop round-the clock sales of alcohol.


Вопрос №23. If the proposals become law...

all pubs will be closed at 3 a.m. instead of 11 p.m.
visitors will have to order their last beers before 11 p.m.
only 50 pubs will be allowed to close after 11 p.m.
visitors will be able to stay in pubs after 11 p.m.


Вопрос №24. What do fixed closing times often lead to?

Visitors start fights in pubs.
Too many "last orders" at the same time make the owners unable to serve them.
Visitors start fights on leaving pubs.
Visitors refuse to leave pubs so early.


Вопрос №25. What will be changed in the regulations concerning children in pubs?

Young people over 18 will be allowed to drink alcohol.
Young people aged 16 and 17 will be given access to pubs only together with adults.
Young people over 16 will be able to drink alcohol if the owner of the pub allows them to.
Young people under 18 will be allowed to drink alcohol at the discretion of the adults who accompany them to the pub.


Вопрос №26. The police will have the right to...

close noisy and overcrowded pubs that disturb peace.
close pubs that are not licensed.
forbid people suspected of a violent offence to visit pubs.
close pubs popular among "habitual drunkards".


Вопрос №27. Raoul de Vaux is unlikely to extend the working hours of his pub, because...

he is afraid he won't have many visitors after 11 p.m.
his staff refuses to work longer than 12 hours.
he is satisfied with the money he makes at present.
he won't be allowed to close later, as his pub is too close to Parliament.


Вопрос №28. How do alcohol abuse campaigners treat the proposal?

They think it'll be quite successful.
They warn that it's still too early to make conclusions.
They believe that the proposed changes will make it easier for people to get drunk.
They think the changes will make violent incidents decline.


Текст № 3

AND THE WINNER IS
More Oscars disguise the failings of the British Him industry


 We have the talent. We have the ambition. We even have the money. But somehow we still don't have a fully British film industry. Each year the Academy Awards ceremony confirms what audiences already know: that British actors, directors and technicians can be magnificent. Each year, a rash commentator echoes Colin Welland's hubristic cry when Chariots of Fire swept the 1982 Oscars: "The British are coming!". But we never quite do. The latest "renaissance" of the British film industry breaks down during the first reel; our native geniuses trudge back to Hollywood to make the movies that deliver real money and prizes.
 The statistics make dismal reading. Over the past two years we have frittered away ?100 million of lottery largesse on a parade of commercially hopeless projects. Even Alan Parker, the chairman of the new British Film Council, admits that "we make too many films in Britain", using scripts "shabby" by Hollywood standards. Many will not even be seen by the public. Of the 116 British films made in 1997, 30 languish without a distribution deal. And those that do get screened are usually marketed limply, with catastrophic box-office consequences. At a time when Hollywood films regularly make profits of $50 million, just ten of the 70 British films released in 1999 took more than $2 million.
 Yet British film makers are currently almost flush with funds. Besides the lottery millions, tax breaks introduced by Gordon Brown have made film investment the loophole of choice for financiers. Unfortunately, ill-directed finance is of no value. If British films are to compete globally, much more money must go into the unglamorous areas of distribution and marketing.
 The foreign-owned multiplex chains that now overwhelm our cinematic landscape are not averse to screening British product, but it must be promoted well enough to keep the popcorn flowing profitably. The average advertising budget of a Hollywood movie is $15 million, and a studio such as Disney will spend as much creative energy on a film's merchandising as on its plot.
 For better or worse, this is the ruthlessly commercial world in which the British film industry must compete. The Hollywood studios have already - through a series of mergers and acquisitions - adopted the Internet, which will revolutionise the way that films are distributed and viewed. If the new British Film Council is not to be obsolete before it starts, it will need to press the fast-forward button pretty smartly.


Вопрос №29. What could help the British film industry win the world arena?

Money.
Ambition.
Talent.
Better scripts.


Вопрос №30. What kind of films are British directors currently producing?

British films that deliver money and prizes.
American movies that deliver money and prizes
British movies that do not bring money and prizes
American movies that do not bring money and prizes.


Вопрос №31. Why do the statistics look so sad? Because the British film industry...

makes too many films
spends too much money on lotteries
makes films that will not reach their audience
puts too much money into films with bad scripts


Вопрос №32. Why are so few British films shown? British films...

are of low quality.
make small profits.
are poorly promoted.
languish from lack of popularity.


Вопрос №33. British films cannot compete globally now because the film industry...

doesn't have enough money for film shooting.
doesn't have enough money for film promotion.
is overfinanced.
is heavily taxed.


Вопрос №34. What should be done to make foreign-owned chains screen British product?

More popcorn should be sold
More creative energy should be directed to film plots
The advertising budget of a British film should be expanded
Better scripts should be offered


Вопрос №35. In order to successfully compete in the commercial world the British film industry should...

leam how to use the Internet.
make a series of mergers and acquisitions.
catch up with the modem ways of film promotion.
revolutionise its films.


Часть 3. Лексика и грамматика.

Задания А36-А50. Дополните следующие ниже предложения, выбрав один из предложенных вариантов решения.


Вопрос №36. It's very late already, it's time Tom...

gets up.
would get up.
will get up.
got up.


Вопрос №37. Where is Ann? - I am not quite certain, but she ... to the library.

must have gone
can have gone
may have gone
would have gone


Вопрос №38. He made himself ill... drinking too much.

with
because
as
by


Вопрос №39. I am in group 2, ... ?

isn't I
aren't I
don't I
am not I


Вопрос №40. Не ... to be a very talented singer.

has been known
is known
was being known
is being known


Вопрос №41. When I looked out of the window, I saw our children ... with the dog.

play
playing
were playing
to play


Вопрос №42. How many tickets are left? - ... .

Not a one
None
No
No one


Вопрос №43. I wish winter ... over.

is
was
be
has been


Вопрос №44. There was nobody in the park, ...?

were there
was there
wasn't there
weren't there


Вопрос №45. He promised to be there by 4, but he still isn't here. Something ... to him.

happened
has happened
had happened
has been happening


Вопрос №46. The teacher didn't have enough copies for everybody, so the students had to ... them.

divide
share
distribute
split


Вопрос №47. I was asked to make a report at school, so I am going to ... all about the subject.

know
discover
realize
find out


Вопрос №48. This textbook ... of ten units.

contains
composed
comprised
consists


Вопрос №49. The film was so ... that I nearly fell asleep.

dull
bored
tired
annoyed


Вопрос №50. The professor asked the students to ... some important information.

notify
write on
put down
take notice


Часть В

Задания В1-В10. Прочтите следующий текст и заполните пропуски в строчках, преобразовав слово, находящееся в скобках.

Los Angeles grew from a (Bl FARM) settlement established by the Spanish in 1781 and (B2 NAME) El Pueblo Nuestra Secora la Reina de los Angeles de Porciuncula (the town of Our Lady Queen of Angels of Porciuncula). Throughout the next century it remained a somewhat (B3 SLEEP) (B4 AGRICULTURE) town. But in the 20th century Los Angeles began to embody a style of living (B5 DESIRE) by the people of the nation. Its warm climate and economic opportunities (B6 DRAW) newcomers from across the country and much of the world, (B7 MAKE) the city a vibrant and (B8 CONSTANT) changing place. The rapid (B9 GROW) also created problems. Los Angeles is beset by air (B10 POLUTE) and traffic congestion.



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